Chapter 6-3; The Rise of Christianity

Mykaela Twitchell12/11/10World History CPPeriod 4 Key Terms/People:• Jesus- A boy born between 6-4 BC in the town of Bethlehem Judea. He was raised in the village of Nazareth and started in carpentry. He was baptized by a prophet named John. • Apostle- pupils of Jesus • Paul- An apostle of Jesus, who had a vision of Christ that made him spread the religion and want to learn more about it• Diaspora- When Jews fled Judea, to get away from Roman rule•Constantine- The emperor of Rome in 312 AD when he was fighting others for Roman rule• Bishop- One who is a priest, but also supervises other local churches • Peter- A man who came from Jerusalem and became the first Rome bishop• Pope- A father or head of Christian Church The Life and Teachings of Jesus:• In Judea, a Jewish kingdom, there were many Jews. In 63 BC the Roman empire took the kingdom over. • AT first the Jewish kingdom with independent, but in 6 AD the Roman empire took it all over. • God had promised that a savior named Messiah would come to take it back though Jesus of Nazareth:• At the age of 30 Jesus got into ministry. He did good things and supposedly preformed miracles. • His beliefs came from Jewish tradition and he believed in only one god and the Ten Commandments. • Jesus thought God could do everything. He thought that everyone had to worship him and that if they didn't they wouldn't live a good life. A Growing Movement:•Not much is mention about Jesus in history records, but what historians do have is the Gospels, which are thought to be written by one or more of Jesus's apostle's • Due to the fact that Jesus did not care about money or social status his messages were taken mostly by the poor. His biggest message being, "Do for others just what you want them to do for you." Jesus' Death: In 29 AD Jesus went to Jerusalem to preach to others. He was meet there as Messiah, the savior that God said would come. • The chief priest of Jews denied this accusation and the Roman governor sentenced him to death. • The governor said he was messing with Roman authority and therefore he was crucified on the cross. • After Jesus' death he was placed in a tomb. Three days later his body was gone, and his dispels say he was living. He then went to heaven, but people were even more convinced that he was Messiah. Jesus' name was changed to Jesus Christ and he was the leader of Christianity. Christianity Spreads Through the Empire:• Once Jesus was in heaven people started to pick up his messages and convey them to others like Jesus did. Jesus' followers were Jews and his messages did not contradict with Judaism. • These people soon started a whole new religion based on Jesus' ideas that spread through the Roman Empire Paul's Mission:• Paul was one of Jesus' apostles, who although at first was against the religion, soon started to spread it. • Paul could speak both Latin and Greek and this allowed for him to write down Jesus' messages and gave them to groups of believers. This helped spread Christianity. Jewish Rebellion:• In 66 AD the Jews rebelled against Roman rule, the Romans not liking this destroyed their temple in 70 AD. All that was left was a wall in Jerusalem and that's what Jews go to. • Between 66 AD and 73 AD half a million Jews died trying to fight the Roman empire. • Again in 132 AD the Jews made another attempt to break away from Roman power. The fight lasted three years, with another half a million Jews dying and not gaining anything Persecution of the Christians:• The Romans also did not like Christianity because they refused to worship their gods. • The Romans crucified thousands of Christians for this and some even sacrificed themselves for Jesus A World Religion:• Although many died from believing in this religion by late 200s AD more than a million people were following the religion. Constantine Accepts Christianity:• The day before Constantine fought a battle against one of the men seeking power he prayed for help, what he saw was a cross and so he told his artisian to put a cross on all of his men's shields. The next day they won the battle and Constantine credited Christ for it. • The next year Constantine ordered that the Christians stop being killed and that from now on Christianity was to be accepted by the Roman empire. • In 380 AD it was Rome's official religion.
Early Christian Church:• A priest was to led each small group of Christians and everyone was to look to Jesus' apostle Peter for authority, him being the first bishop. • Every major city soon had a bishop and people were beginning to say that Peter was the first Pope of Rome• Rome became the center of the religion and however was the bishop of Rome was the Pope
A Single Voice:• People started arguing about the beliefs of Christianity. This made people put together the New Testament. • The New Testament was the Gospels, some of Paul's work and other documents. These were put with the Hebrew Bible, which was the Old Testament • In 325 AD Constantine and others wrote the Nicene Creed which explain the basics of Christianity
The Fathers of the Church:• Many others helped Constantine with the compliment of Nicene Creed and these people are known as the fathers of the church. • One important man was Augustine. He wrote the book The City of God and believe that nothing more than after life mattered. • Although Christianity still grew the Roman Empire began to fall.